Well, these days, people are confused about the difference between IVF and IUI and the medical terms are a learning curve when anyone starts the process. Hence, let us break down and understand the exact difference between IVF and IUI, how they are helpful, and their pros and cons.
It is an indisputable fact that both Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) and In-Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) are fertility treatments used to help a woman who is unable to conceive. Although they may seem similar initially, they have a unique purpose of helping women in achieving a healthy pregnancy.
To give you an idea of what you can expect with these treatments, let us understand what are they and how are they different from each other –
What is IVF?
IVF (In-Vitro Fertilisation) is one of the best treatments for infertility, which is recommended by most of the doctors due to its success rate and use of cutting edge technology. Usually, during the treatment, the patient is given fertility injections so that the egg production is increased. Once the eggs are matured, they will be retrieved from the woman’s reproductive tract with the help of a simple procedure. After that, the sperm and egg are kept separately for fertilization, which will result in the embryo. And once the embryo is formed, it will be put back into the woman’s reproductive tract so that the women can conceive successfully.
IVF procedures have proven to be the most effective option for couples who are struggling with infertility.
However, age is one of the parameters that should be considered if you are calculating the odds of IVF. No doubt, it is the best alternative that couples have apart from pursuing other fertility options like surrogacy or adoption.
What is IUI?
IUI (Intrauterine insemination) is another option which treats the infertility issue. The treatment option is helpful in male infertility treatment. In this process, sperm is collected and then they are processed in the lab and then transferred into the uterine cavity using a fine catheter. During the washing process of sperm, the seminal fluid is removed, and the sperm is concentrated. The main aim of the process is that more sperm should meet the egg. And this whole process takes place when women are about to ovulate.
And sometimes, women between the ages of 20 and 30 have a rough success rate of getting pregnant; they end up using a combination of fertility medications and IUI procedure. However, if a female partner has gone beyond that age range, the likelihood of pregnancy also drop. The recent studies have shown that the best success rates are assessed after attempting 3 IUI processes and while pursuing fertility treatments for the first time.
What is the difference between IVF and IUI?
Let us have a look at the difference between IVF and IUI –
Success Rate: Both treatments, success rate will depend on several factors such as age, health issues, etc. The success rate of IVF is higher as compared to other treatment options such as IUI. If the woman is below the age of 35, then the success rate will be more than 45%. One important thing to keep in mind that as a person grows the egg and sperm quality as well as quantity decreases.
Time: The IUI treatment takes less time as compared to IVF treatment. In case the first cycle of IUI is successful, then it is a sign that you can have a baby early. As already said, the success rate will be different. Due to this, the patients over the age of 35 should prefer IVF. It is important to consult a doctor so that they can tell you which method will suit them best.
Cost: The IVF cost is slightly higher as compared to IUI, and it is a significant consideration for many patients. This majorly depends on the problem which is diagnosed, and then the couple chooses a method, they want to consider.
Suitability: The IVF treatment is recommended when ovulation occurs, or sperm abnormalities, ejaculation problems in men, and donor sperm is required. In IVF, the treatment is suitable for patients with endometriosis condition, ovulation, issue, blocked fallopian tube, and low sperm count.
Learn more about the difference between IVF and IUI –
Besides the above factors, the other factors are age, medical recommendation, religion, and underlying cause of infertility. The continued tests and analysis will help in determining which procedure is right. Although all fertility treatment cycles involve similar risks, the difference is the degree of severity. For cycles using oral or injectable fertility medications, the risk is less than 5% in both IUI and IVF cycles.
The difference between IVF and IUI are pregnancy success rates and huge chances of giving birth. In an IUI cycle using the oral medication, the chances of pregnancy are between 10-15% but can be increased to 20-25%, if injectable fertility medications are used.
The unique distinction of IVF is the ultrasound-guided vaginal egg retrieval and the ability to transfer several embryos which result in an egg retrieval, intra abdominal bleeding, injury to bowel and bladder, and infection. The best part is that all complications occur in less than 1% of cycles. Also, the risk of multiple pregnancies is directly related to the number of embryos transferred. A single embryo has a chance of 1%, and a double embryo transfer increases the chances of twin pregnancy in up to 10-15% cycles.
To sum up, IVF and IUI are quite different procedures altogether. IUI is an extension of natural intercourse – where sperms are processes and quality sperms are injected into the uterine cavity to avoid natural conception.
Whereas IVF is a process where natural conception takes place and eggs and sperm are fertilised in a test tube. It is done in the lab while monitoring the process in the lab. Then, the best quality embryos are transferred to attain pregnancy.
Hence, to conclude, it is clear that there is no better treatment than others and each treatment will depend on the patient’s requirements. That is why it is very important to consult the doctor and adapt the treatment as per your health requirements.