Brain Tumor Types and Treatment

Brain Tumor Types

Brain Tumor is said to occur when some extra mass accumulates due to the growth of abnormal cells within the brain. The deviation in the normal life cycle of a cell, i.e., growing, reproducing, and dividing, and finally collapsing, mainly occurs due to mutations in DNA with various other factors.

There arises an equal possibility that the brain tumor can initiate from the brain itself, or it can travel from other parts of your body. The above condition is named primary brain tumors while the latter, secondary or metastatic Brain Tumor. Depending on the stretch, Brain Tumor can be both malignant (cancerous) and noncancerous (benign) tumors.

Benign tumor circumscribes itself purely to the location of its origination, without breaching the neighboring healthy tissues or extended to other body sites.

Contrary to this, a malignant tumor is quite dangerous for its ability to outstretch itself not just to the surrounding area, but to, in fact, all over the body.

Now the growth rate may vary vastly, depending on the type of cell, location of action as well as the spread.

150 different kinds or even more have been indexed, but most of the brain tumors fall under the following categories:

Brain Cancer

1.Chordoma

A rare form of cancer (found in just one in a million people) that mainly affects the skull base (about 30%) and surrounding bones as well as the spine (50% in the sacrum and about 20% in the bone mobile spine) and related soft tissue tumors.

Cervical spine and sacrum is the most common target. It can be detected by its characteristic of growing slowly in the first place and that too, without symptoms (usually) and then appearing before the doctors, carrying the signs after specific years.

Since its affected area constitutes critical structures, for instance, the spinal cord, vital nerves, chordomas are somewhat complicated to treat.

2.Glioblastoma

Originates from glial cells (star-shaped), that mainly look after the nerve cells present in the brain. Known for their fast growth, and aggressive nature which, sadly results in devastating suffering and even deaths as early, in the first 15 months after detection.

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) mainly affects the temporal and frontal lobes, which comprise the cerebral hemisphere of the brain.

3.Pituitary Adenoma

The pituitary gland regulates hormones made by other organs, present all over the body, so is the name was given to it- ‘the master gland.’ Pituitary Adenomas has some further subtypes, most of which are slow-growing and benign. Though it does not extend itself to other parts of the body, the big size may create significant pressure on the surrounding structures as well as the nerves, which, in turn, causes symptoms.

The related ill-effects include low blood pressure, sex hormone swings, tiredness, and difficulty in dealing with stress.

  • Acoustic Neuroma

It is a slow-growing tumor (noncancerous) that evolves in the vital nerves governing the inner ear part and its passage to the brain. It results in hearing problems, unsteadiness, and strange sound formation/ringing in the ear.

  • Astrocytoma

The origination is from glial cells, which confines itself to the brain and spinal cord but pressurize the surrounding organs.

The jaws of an astrocytoma can capture you at any age but often found in young adults, especially in the base of their brain.

  • Meningioma

The brain and spinal cord enclosing membranes are responsible for this brain tumor. It is a particularly most common tumor that accumulates in the head.

Among the various types of meningioma tumors most grow at a slow pace, but their dangerous Mass growth can lead to severe disability.

Though the signs and symptoms are hard to detect, with regular monitoring, the tumor can be diagnosed and treated.

The advent of the technological world and urbanization has added more variety of brain tumors, causing cells in the pre-existing clutter.

The World Health Organization (WHO) has given a broader classification of brain tumors based on grades.

  • Grade 1: These mainly include benign (slow-growing) cells, which are curable with the help of surgery alone.
  • Grade 2: The tumor types of this grade may possess a tendency to grow to a higher degree. Moreover, they are mainly malignant in growth.
  • Grade 3: These tumors are malignant and infiltrative, as well.
  • Grade 4: The highest grade possessing highly noxious tumor cells, which overgrows and is widely infiltrative. Some Grade 4 tumors are even prone to treatments and some surgery.

The diagnosis or detection of different types of tumors, which sits onto your brain, is just a stepping stone to the long voyage, which is to be traveled to fight/kill cancer.

So, here are some diagnosis methods as well as treatments and surgery discussed for your consideration that might take you a step closer to a healthy and happy life.

The main diagnosis includes

  • Neurological exams
  • Imaging tests (MRI)
  • CT Scan
  • Biopsy
  • Spinal tap
  • Angiogram: X-ray evaluates the blood vessels which are possible through the injection into the bloodstream.
Brain Cancer

Treatment

The aptest treatment method primarily depends on the type as well as the location of the tumor. There are a variety of treatment options available. The most suitable pick would prove to be beneficial by manifolds.

1. Surgery

It is the ultimate solution to most types of brain tumors. Surgery carries some percentage of risks such as bleeding and infection but proves to be effective in most cases.

2. Radiation therapy

It includes high energy beams (X-ray or protons), which are focused on the affected area of your brain, and used to kill the tumor cells.

3.Radiosurgery

The name may depict a wrong picture, but it is not a form of surgery. It uses several, not so powerful radiations, but the combined effect of the entire beam concentrated on a particular area produces powerful fallout, which kills the tumor cells.

4.Chemotherapy

As the name suggests, chemicals or drugs are involved in this treatment to kill tumor cells. The drugs are taken orally in the form of pills. The side effects, of course, depend on the dosage as well as the type of medication.

5.Targeted drug therapy

The main focus is on a specific abnormality. In this therapy, since the cancer cells carry with it, some anomalies or ill-effects blockage of which causes the tumor cells to die.

Some other non-professional therapies

These are important because they decide the maximum part of one’s lifestyle. These therapies, or say remedies involve excellent and healthy eating habits, regular exercise, acupuncture, meditation, relaxation, music therapy as well as art therapy.

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