The journey of motherhood is one of life’s most precious gifts. It is a journey of unconditional love. A mother’s care and adoration for their child is endless, boundless, and selfless. Start the beautiful journey of motherhood. Unfortunately, having a child is not an easy process for many mothers. There are different ways to have babies for mothers, and one of them is through in vitro fertilization (IVF). Below is some information specific to the IVF procedure step by step.
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a sophisticated set of treatments used to aid in creating a child or to help with fertility, or prevent genetic abnormalities.
IVF involves extracting mature eggs from the ovaries and fertilising them with sperm in a laboratory. The fertilized egg (embryo) or eggs (embryos) are transported to a uterus for further development. IVF takes roughly three weeks to complete. The operation can take longer when these procedures are broken up into smaller portions.
Table of Content
Why is IVF done?
In vitro fertilisation (IVF) is a treatment for infertility and genetic diseases. Suppose IVF is used to treat various ailments. In that case, you and your spouse may be able to try less intrusive treatment options first, such as fertility medicines to boost egg production or intrauterine insemination, which involves placing sperm cells in the womb near the time of ovulation.
Dysfunction in women over the age of 40 is sometimes treated using IVF as a primary treatment. IVF may be a possibility if you have particular medical concerns. IVF may be a feasible alternative when you or your partner have: –
- The fallopian tube is hurt or clogged.
- Ovulation problems are widespread.
- Fibroids in the uterus.
- Tubal sterilization or removal is required.
- Sperm formation or function is hampered.
- Infertility that hasn’t been explained.
- A genetic condition.
- Fertility preservation is a result of cancer or other illnesses.
How long does it take to get pregnant through IVF?
IVF takes roughly two months to complete. After their first IVF ovarian stimulation and subsequent embryo transfer(s), women younger than 35 will conceive and have a baby roughly half of the time.
IVF Procedure Step by Step
IVF Procedure Step by Step: 1
Induction of ovulation
Synthetic hormones urge the ovaries to generate numerous eggs rather than the solitary egg that usually develops each month at the beginning of an IVF cycle.
A wide range of medications can be used, such as:
- Medications that stimulate the ovaries.
- Oocyte maturation medications.
- Preventative medications are used to avoid premature ovulation.
- Medications to help your uterus’ lining prepare.
IVF Procedure Step by Step: 2
Embryo extraction can be done for 34 to 36 hours just after the last shot and before ovulation in your physician’s surgery or a facility.
You’ll be drugged and provided pain medication throughout the egg retrieval procedure.
Transvaginal ultrasonography aspiration is the most common method of retrieval. To locate follicles, an ultrasonic probe is put into the vaginal canal. The eggs are then extracted using a small needle put into an ultrasonic guide that travels down the vaginal canal and into the follicles.
A belly ultrasound may be utilized to guide the needle if your eggs aren’t accessible via transvaginal ultrasound.
A needle coupled to a vacuum pump retrieves the eggs from the follicles. In around 20 minutes, you can retrieve many eggs.
You may have cramps and a sense of bloating or pressure after egg retrieval.
Incubation is performed on mature eggs in a nutritious liquid (culture media). Healthy, mature eggs will be combined with sperm to generate embryos. However, not all of the eggs will be fertilized.
IVF Procedure Step by Step: 3
Retrieval of sperm
If you’re utilizing your partner’s sperm, you’ll need to deliver a semen sample before egg retrieval at your doctor’s office or clinic. Sometimes testicular aspiration is required, which helps remove sperm directly from the testicles using a catheter or surgical method. It is also possible to use sperm from donors. Sperm and sperm fluid are separated in the lab.
IVF Procedure Step by Step: 4
It can be skilled in one of two ways:
- Insemination in the traditional sense. Good semen and mature eggs are combined and incubated overnight during traditional insemination.
- Injection of sperm into the cytoplasm (ICSI). ICSI involves injecting one healthy sperm straight into each maturing egg.
IVF Procedure Step by Step: 5
Embryo transfer is usually done two to five days following egg retrieval, either at your physician’s office or a facility.
- You may be given a mild sedative to help you relax. Although you may suffer mild cramping, the treatment usually is painless.
- A catheter is a long, thin, flexible tube inserted into your vagina, via your cervix, and into your uterus by your doctor.
- The catheter’s end is linked to a syringe holding one or even more eggs suspended in a bit of volume of fluid.
- The doctor injects the egg or eggs into your uterus with a syringe.
So, these were the IVF procedures step by step to guide you thoroughly.
After the Procedure
After the IVF procedure step by step. Following the embryo transfer, you can continue your normal daily activities. Your ovaries, however, may still be swollen. Avoid strenuous activities if you can, as they may cause discomfort.
Passing a little measure of clear or red fluid quickly after the surgery due to the surface cleaning of the uterus before the egg retrieval is a common side effect.
- High estrogen levels cause breast discomfort.
- Bloating (mild)
- Mild aches and pains
What Are the Success Rates for IVF?
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) provides official statistics for all infertility treatment operations conducted in the United States, covering GIFT, IVF, and ZIFT, albeit IVF is the most prevalent, accounting for 99 per cent of methods.
According to the most recent study, 50 per cent of In vitro fertilization (IVF) operations in women aged 35 and under terminated normal birth. Only 3.9 per cent of egg transplants for women aged 42 and up resulted in a pregnancy. As the techniques are developed and doctors gain more experience, the number of IVF success stories grows in every age range.
IVF treatment in women between the ages of 40-45 years can be successful with IVF. Our findings imply that in both groups, the treatment regimen adopted in this research findings in a reasonable pregnancy rate. Both groups had a similar rate of abnormal fertilization. However, there is still a lack of proof of increased fertility in ICSI cycles, additional research is needed.