First Step Towards Your Fertility Journey: Best Fertility Test for Women & Men in India

Best fertility test for women and men in India

Fertility issues in women and men are more prevalent than ever, and require attending to as early as possible. The first crucial step in the process is of course identifying whether or not a fertility problem exists, with the right fertility test for women and men. It is important to undergo the necessary tests to ascertain the problem and the underlying causes for it.

In this blog, we’ll delve into the many fertility tests that are popular in India, for both women and men, who they’re for, when to take them, and their cost.

When Should You Get a Fertility Test

There are some telltale signs based on which you and your doctor will decide whether or not you need to take a fertility test. Let’s take a look at them –

Difficulty conceiving

If you’ve been trying to get pregnant for over a year (or six months if you’re over 35) without success, it’s a good idea to consider taking a fertility test.

Irregular menstrual cycles

If your periods are irregular, absent, or unusually heavy or painful, it could indicate an underlying fertility issue that warrants investigation. Get in touch with your healthcare provider who will ask you to take a fertility test.

Known medical conditions

If you have a history of medical conditions like endometriosis, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), or pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a fertility test for women can help identify potential fertility problems.

Previous miscarriages

If you’ve experienced multiple miscarriages, a fertility test can help determine if there could be an underlying cause.

Family history

If there’s a history of fertility issues in your family, it might be worth getting a fertility test done to see if you may be at risk of fertility issues.

Preconception planning

If you’re planning to start a family and want to ensure your reproductive system is in good shape, these tests can provide valuable insights.

 

Book an appointment with leading fertility specialists at Zeeva to determine the best course of action for your fertility journey. Our experts will tell you whether or not there might be an underlying fertility problem, everything you need to know about the fertility test for women or fertility test for men, whatever is applicable to your case, and what to expect during & after these tests.

Types of Fertility Test for Women in India

We’ve already discussed the factors to consider before deciding whether or not you need to undergo any fertility test for women. Now let’s take a quick look at the different types of fertility test for women in India and what medical conditions call for each of these tests.

Fertility tests for women in India

1. Ovulation Test

Ovulation testing can be done through various methods such as tracking of basal body temperature or using ovulation predictor kits. Ovulation test is one of the most commonly used kits for fertility test for women at home.

Purpose

The primary purpose of ovulation testing is to identify the fertile window in a woman’s menstrual cycle. By detecting the surge in luteinizing hormone (LH) that precedes ovulation, these tests help pinpoint the most fertile days for intercourse.

Method

There are several methods for ovulation testing, with two of the most common being tracking basal body temperature (BBT) and using ovulation predictor kits. Tracking BBT involves measuring your body’s resting temperature each morning before getting out of bed and noting any changes that indicate ovulation. On the other hand, ovulation predictor kits detect the surge in LH levels in urine, signaling imminent ovulation.

Results

Ovulation tests provide valuable information about the timing of ovulation, allowing couples to optimize their chances of conception by timing intercourse during the woman’s most fertile days.

2. Hormone Level Testing

Assessing hormone levels is another essential aspect of fertility testing, especially for women experiencing difficulty conceiving. Hormone level testing evaluates key hormones involved in the menstrual cycle and ovarian function, including follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), estrogen, and progesterone.

Purpose

The purpose of hormone level testing is to assess the balance and function of reproductive hormones, which play a crucial role in ovulation and menstrual cycle regulation. Abnormal hormone levels can indicate underlying issues affecting fertility, such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), thyroid disorders, or ovarian dysfunction.

Method

Hormone level testing typically involves a simple blood draw, where a sample of blood is collected and analyzed for hormone levels. This procedure is usually performed at a healthcare provider’s office or fertility clinic.

Results

The results of hormone level testing provide valuable insights into the underlying causes of infertility or menstrual irregularities. Depending on the findings, further diagnostic tests or treatments may be recommended to address hormonal imbalances and improve fertility.

3. Ovarian Reserve Testing

Understanding a woman’s ovarian reserve, or the quantity and quality of her remaining eggs, is essential for assessing fertility potential and guiding treatment decisions. Ovarian reserve testing involves evaluating factors such as anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) levels and antral follicle count (AFC) to estimate ovarian reserve.

Purpose

The primary purpose of ovarian reserve testing is to assess the quantity and quality of a woman’s remaining eggs. This information helps predict ovarian function and fertility potential, as well as guiding decisions about family planning and assisted reproductive techniques (ART) if needed.

Method

Ovarian reserve testing commonly includes two main tests: the AMH test and AFC ultrasound. The AMH test measures the level of anti-Müllerian hormone in the blood, which reflects the number of small follicles in the ovaries and provides an estimate of ovarian reserve. AFC ultrasound involves counting the number of small follicles visible on the ovaries during a transvaginal ultrasound, which also provides information about ovarian reserve.

Risks/Discomforts

Both the AMH test and AFC ultrasound are minimally invasive procedures that carry minimal risks. The AMH test requires a simple blood draw, while AFC ultrasound may involve some discomfort during the transvaginal ultrasound procedure.

Results

The results of ovarian reserve testing help identify potential challenges related to diminished ovarian reserve, which may affect fertility outcomes. Based on these results, healthcare providers can recommend appropriate fertility treatments or interventions to optimize chances of conception.

4. Hysterosalpingography (HSG)

An imaging test to evaluate the shape and condition of the uterus and fallopian tubes, often used to detect blockages or abnormalities.

Purpose

HSG is used to assess the uterine cavity and fallopian tubes for any structural abnormalities or blockages that may impede egg transport or implantation. This information is crucial for diagnosing conditions such as uterine fibroids, polyps, fallopian tube blockages, or adhesions that may affect fertility.

Method

During an HSG procedure, a thin catheter is inserted through the cervix into the uterus, and a contrast dye is injected into the uterine cavity. As the dye flows through the uterus and fallopian tubes, X-ray images are taken to visualize the internal structures and identify any abnormalities.

Risks/Discomforts

Mild cramping, dizziness, light sensitivity (temporary).

Results

The results of HSG provide valuable information about the shape, size, and condition of the uterus and fallopian tubes, helping healthcare providers identify any structural abnormalities or blockages that may affect fertility. Depending on the findings, further diagnostic tests or treatments may be recommended to address any issues identified.

5. Laparoscopy

A minimally invasive surgical procedure to examine the reproductive organs directly, useful for diagnosing conditions such as endometriosis or pelvic adhesions.

Purpose

The primary purpose of laparoscopy is to examine the pelvic organs, including the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries, for any abnormalities or conditions that may impact fertility. This procedure is particularly useful for diagnosing conditions such as endometriosis, pelvic adhesions, ovarian cysts, or tubal blockages that may interfere with conception.

Method

During a laparoscopy procedure, small incisions are made in the abdomen, and a laparoscope (a thin, lighted instrument with a camera) is inserted to visualize the internal organs. The surgeon can examine the pelvic structures in detail and may take tissue samples (biopsies) for further analysis if necessary.

Risks/Discomforts

While laparoscopy is considered a minimally invasive procedure, it still carries some risks, including risks associated with general anesthesia, as well as potential risks of post-surgical complications such as infection, bleeding, or injury to surrounding organs. Some women may experience temporary discomfort or pain following the procedure.

Results

The results of laparoscopy provide detailed information about the condition of the pelvic organs and any abnormalities or conditions that may affect fertility. Depending on the findings, treatment options such as surgical intervention or fertility treatments may be recommended to address any identified issues.

6. Endometrial Biopsy

Endometrial biopsy is a procedure used to sample the uterine lining (endometrium) for diagnostic purposes, providing valuable information about hormonal balance, uterine health, and factors that may affect implantation and fertility.

Purpose

The primary purpose of endometrial biopsy is to assess the health and characteristics of the uterine lining, including hormonal balance, thickness, and any abnormalities that may affect fertility or pregnancy outcomes. This procedure is often used to investigate causes of infertility, recurrent miscarriages, or abnormal uterine bleeding.

Method

During an endometrial biopsy, a thin tube or catheter is inserted through the cervix into the uterus, and a small sample of the endometrial tissue is collected for analysis. The procedure is usually performed in a healthcare provider’s office and may cause mild discomfort or cramping.

Results

The results of endometrial biopsy provide valuable information about the health and characteristics of the uterine lining, including hormonal imbalances, inflammation, or abnormalities that may affect fertility.

Also read “IVF Success Rates and Risks: What You Need to Know

 

Male Fertility Tests in India

Men should consider fertility testing if they experience difficulty conceiving with their partner or have known medical conditions that may affect fertility, such as a history of sexually transmitted infections or previous surgeries affecting the reproductive organs. Additionally, men with a family history of infertility or those engaging in preconception planning should undergo fertility testing to ensure optimal reproductive health.

Male fertility testing plays a crucial role in assessing reproductive health. Common tests for men in India include:

1. Semen Analysis

Semen analysis is the cornerstone of male fertility testing, aiming to evaluate the quality of semen, including sperm count, motility, and morphology. By assessing these parameters, healthcare providers can identify potential causes of infertility and recommend appropriate treatment options.

Procedure

The procedure involves collecting a semen sample either at home or in a clinic. Following collection, the sample undergoes microscopic examination to assess sperm parameters. Additional tests may be conducted to evaluate sperm viability or detect the presence of infections.

Results

Semen analysis results provide valuable insights into sperm quality and reproductive health. Abnormalities in sperm parameters may indicate underlying issues such as hormonal imbalances, infections, or genetic factors, prompting further evaluation and treatment.

2. Hormone Level Testing

Hormone level testing is crucial for assessing the functioning of the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and testes, which play a vital role in regulating hormone production and sperm development. By measuring hormone levels such as testosterone, FSH, and LH, healthcare providers can identify hormonal imbalances that may affect fertility.

Procedure

This test typically involves a simple blood draw, where the blood sample is analyzed to measure hormone levels. The results help determine if hormonal imbalances are contributing to male infertility and guide treatment decisions.

Result

Abnormal hormone levels detected through testing can indicate conditions such as hypogonadism or pituitary disorders, which may impair sperm production and overall reproductive function. Treatment options may include hormone replacement therapy or lifestyle modifications to optimize fertility.

3. Testicular Biopsy

Testicular biopsy is a surgical procedure performed to obtain tissue samples from the testicles, allowing healthcare providers to assess sperm production and diagnose conditions such as obstructive azoospermia. Additionally, testicular biopsy may be used to retrieve sperm for assisted reproductive techniques (ART) in cases of infertility.

Procedure

The procedure is usually performed under local anesthesia, and a small incision is made in the scrotum to extract tissue samples from the testicles. The samples are then sent to a laboratory for analysis to evaluate sperm production and assess for any abnormalities.

Results

Testicular biopsy results provide valuable information about sperm production and testicular function, helping diagnose specific issues that may be contributing to male infertility. Depending on the findings, treatment options such as surgical correction or sperm retrieval for ART may be recommended.

4. Genetic Testing

Genetic testing aims to identify genetic abnormalities or chromosomal disorders that may impact sperm production or quality. By detecting these genetic factors, healthcare providers can assess the risk of passing on hereditary conditions to offspring and offer appropriate counseling and interventions.

Procedure

Genetic testing may involve a blood draw or saliva sample, which is then analyzed to screen for genetic mutations or chromosomal abnormalities. The samples are sent to a specialized laboratory equipped to perform genetic testing, where various molecular techniques are used to detect genetic factors impacting fertility.

Results

The results of genetic testing provide insights into potential genetic factors affecting fertility, allowing couples to make informed decisions about family planning and reproductive options. Positive findings may prompt genetic counseling, prenatal testing, or assisted reproductive technologies (ART) to minimize the risk of passing on hereditary conditions.

 

Understanding fertility and undergoing appropriate testing are crucial steps in the journey towards parenthood. Whether you’re a woman concerned about your reproductive health or a man wanting to optimize your fertility, these tests can provide valuable information and guide you toward the best possible outcomes for starting or growing your family.

Conclusion

When it comes to fertility, it can be both exhilarating and daunting, filled with uncertainty, hope, and endless questions. Women and men, however, can gain valuable insights into their reproductive health and take informed steps toward conception by undergoing fertility tests. Remember that you are not alone in exploring fertility testing options, seeking guidance from healthcare professionals, or addressing any underlying issues. It is possible to achieve the joy of parenthood with determination, patience, and the right resources.

Zeeva Clinic: Your Partner in Fertility Testing and Beyond

While this blog provides a general overview of fertility tests, it’s important to consult with Dr. Shweta Goswami, a qualified healthcare professional for personalised guidance and testing recommendations. In India, Zeeva Clinic offers comprehensive fertility services, including all the tests mentioned in this blog and more.

Why Choose Zeeva Clinic?

  • Experienced Team: Zeeva Clinic boasts a team of highly qualified and experienced fertility specialists, including gynaecologists, andrologists, embryologists, and geneticists. Their expertise ensures you receive accurate diagnoses and personalised treatment plans.
  • Advanced Technology: The clinic uses state-of-the-art technology for testing and treatment, ensuring accurate results and efficient procedures. This includes advanced labs, imaging equipment, and assisted reproductive technologies (ART) facilities.
  • Holistic Approach: Zeeva Clinic understands that fertility is a complex issue and goes beyond just tests and procedures. They offer a holistic approach that incorporates counselling, stress management, and other supportive services to help you navigate your journey emotionally and physically.
  • Transparency and Affordability: Zeeva Clinic believes in transparency and provides clear explanations of all procedures and costs involved. They also offer various payment options to make fertility care accessible.

Available Fertility Tests at Zeeva Clinic:

  • Female Fertility Tests: Ovulation testing, hormone level testing, ovarian reserve testing, HSG, laparoscopy, endometrial biopsy, and more.
  • Male Fertility Tests: Semen analysis, hormone level testing, testicular biopsy, genetic testing, and more.
  • Additional Services: Genetic counselling, preconception counselling, fertility preservation, assisted reproductive techniques (ART) like IVF, ICSI, and IUI, and more.

To learn more about Zeeva Clinic’s services and schedule a consultation now!

FAQs

1. What is a fertility test for women?

A fertility test for women is a medical assessment aimed at evaluating a woman’s reproductive health and her potential to conceive.

2. What does a ladies fertility test entail?

A ladies fertility test typically involves various examinations and screenings to assess factors such as hormone levels, ovarian reserve, and reproductive anatomy.

3. What is a blood test for infertility in females?

A blood test for infertility in females is a diagnostic procedure that analyzes hormone levels in the blood to identify any hormonal imbalances or issues affecting fertility.

4. How is female egg quality tested?

To evaluate factors such as ovarian reserve and egg health, female egg quality can be assessed through various methods, including ultrasound scans, hormone tests, and genetic screening.

5. Is there an at-home fertility test for females available?

Yes, there are at-home fertility test kits for females available in the market. These kits typically involve collecting samples (such as urine or saliva) at home and sending them to a laboratory for analysis.

6. How accurate are fertility test kits for women at home?

The accuracy of at-home fertility test kits for women can vary depending on the brand and the specific tests included in the kit. It’s essential to choose a reputable brand and follow the instructions carefully for reliable results.

7. What is a fertility test kit for females, and how does it work?

A fertility test kit for females is a package containing various tests or tools to assess reproductive health at home. These kits may include ovulation prediction tests, hormone level tests, or fertility monitors to track menstrual cycles and ovulation.

8. Is there a fertility test available for men?

Yes, there are fertility tests available for men. These tests typically involve analyzing semen samples to evaluate sperm count, motility, and morphology.

9. What does a male fertility test involve?

A male fertility test usually requires providing a semen sample, which is then analyzed in a laboratory to assess sperm quantity, quality, and other parameters related to fertility.

10. How can men undergo a fertility check?

Men can undergo a fertility check by consulting with a healthcare provider or fertility specialist who may recommend semen analysis or other diagnostic tests to evaluate reproductive health and fertility potential.

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Dr. Shweta Goswami
Dr. Shweta Goswami
Dr. Shweta Goswami, MBBS from MAMC, MD in Obstetrics and Gynecology, and Fellowship in IVF & Reproductive Medicine, is a renowned IVF specialist in Delhi with 20+ years of experience. She specializes in various fields of reproductive medicine, including IVF, ICSI, donor egg surrogacy, and laparoscopy. Dr. Shweta approaches infertility treatment through technology innovation and a professional clinical approach. Book an Appointment View Details

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